Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law


NUMBER 33 / 1993





KAFUI BRIGITTE ADJAMAGBO-JOHNSON was educated in Togo and France. She taught at the Law School at the University of Benin (Lome). She was Presidente de Seance of the Conférence Nationale de Togo, and a minister in the Togolese Transitional Government for a short period.


LOUIS ASSIER-ANDRIEU (born 1956, Paris) is research fellow at the Centre National de Ia Recherche Scientifique since 1981. He holds a Doctorate in anthropology from the Ecole des Hauts Etudes en Sciences Sociales (Paris, 1980) and a Doctorate in Law (Toulouse, 1985). He has published extensively on legal and historical anthropology of rural societies in continental Europe, also on epistemology of an anthropology of law. Visiting Fellow at Cornell University Center for International Studies in 1983 and 1987, he has taught at the University of Barcelona (1989-1990) and at the Tulane University Law School (1992). Books: Coutume et rapports sociaux (1981), Le Peuple et la Loi (1987), Une France Coutumière (1990), and Sociologie du Droit (forthcoming)

ANITA BÖCKER (born in 1959 in Groningen, the Netherlands) studied social anthropology and sociology at the State University of Groningen, graduating in 1986. She was co-author of a book on the handling of complaints about racial discrimination in the Netherlands (C. Biegel, A. Böcker and K. Tjoen-Tak-Sen, Rassendiscriminatie... tenslotte is het verboden bj de wet, Zwolle, W.E.J. Tjeenk Willink, 1987). She is now doing research among Turkish immigrants in the Netherlands, on the subject of social security, and recently published an article deriving from this research in JLP (‘Social security in Turkish migrant families’, in nr 32). She works at the Institute of Sociology of Law and the Institute of Folk Law of the Catholic University of Nijmegen.

MASAJI CHIBA (born in Japan in 1919) studied general theory of law first from a philosophical approach at Tohoku University Graduate School, Sendai, changed to the sociological working at Tokyo Metropolitan University, and expanded into the anthropological after stay at University of Minnesota. 1965-1966, among others, of non-Western law, up to now working at Tokai University since 1983. During long years of his contribution to the sociology and anthropology of law in Japan and abroad, he wrote many books and articles in Japanese and foreign languages, including, ed., Asian Indegenous Law: In Interaction with Received Law, London: KPI 1986, and Legal Pluralism: Toward a General Theory through Japanese Legal Culture, Tokyo: Tokai University Press.


AMEDEO COTTINO is professor of Sociology of Law at the Faculty of Political Science, Università di Torino. He has studied law (Università di Torino, Italy) and sociology (Stockholms Universitet, Sweden), and has received his Ph.D. in sociology from Umeaa Universitet, Sweden. He has studied illegal labor markets within the Italian building industry and Swedish Social democracy. He has recently written a book on alcoholic beverages in a socio-anthropological perspective and is presently carrying out research in the field of folk culture. He is the author of ‘Peasant conflicts in the Italian countryside at the beginning of the nineteenth century,’ in JLP nr 24 (1986).

CAROL J. GREENHOUSE is Professor of Anthropology at Indiana University, Bloomington. She recieved her AB (1971) in Anthropology and her Ph.D. (1976) in Social Anthropology from Harvard University. Her research deals primarily with cultural aspects of legal pluralism in the United States and cross-culturally, She is the author of Praying for Justice: Faith, Order and Community in an American Town (1986, Cornell University Press), and, with David Engel and Barbara Yngvesson, Contest and Community: The Meanings of Law in Three American Towns (forthcoming, Cornell University Press), as well as numerous articles on interpretive and comparative problems in the anthropology of law. Her article ‘Nature is to culture as praying is to suing: legal pluralism in an American suburb,’ was published in JLP nr 20 (1982).

DAVID HOWES is Assistant Professor of Anthropology at Concordia University, Montreal, Canada H3G 1M8. He has written extensively on the civil law system of Quebec, the interfaces between the civil and common law systems of Canada, and has also been engaged in developing a constitutional approach to the study of Canadian and American popular culture, as in ‘We Are the World and its counterparts: popular song as constitutional discourse’, International Journal of Politics, Culture and Society 3: 315-40. His other interests include medical anthropology and the anthropology of the senses. He is the editor of The Varieties of Sensory Experience: A Sourcebook in the Anthropology of the Senses.

MARIA MAGOSKA is a graduate of the Faculty of Law and the Faculty of Sociology of the Jagiellonian University in Cracow, Poland. In 1987 she received her Ph.D. from the Polish Academy of Sciences. With publications in sociology of law and anthropology of law, among others she is co-author of three books: Social Views of Functions of Law (Wroclaw 1982), Legal Culture and Disfunctionalities of Law (Warsaw 1988), The Efficacy of Settlement of Disputes in Civil Proceedings - in Practice and the Parties’ Opinion (Wroclaw 1989). In 1991 her book on Socio-Cultural Background of Legal Conflicts. A Study of Conflicts in Two Rural Communities (Wroclaw) was published.  She works in the Institute of Legal Sciences of the Polish Academy of Sciences.


SALLY ENGLE MERRY is Professor of Anthropology at Wellesley College. She received her Ph.D. in Anthropology from Brandeis University in 1978. She is the author of Urban Danger: Life in a Neighborhood of Strangers (Temple, 1981), Getting Justice and Getting Even: Legal Consciousness among Working-Class Americans (Chicago, 1990), and is co-editing a book on The Possibility of Popular Justice: A Case Study of American Community Justice with Neal Milner. She has published numerous articles and review essays on legal ideology, mediation, urban ethnic relations, and legal pluralism in scholarly journals such as the Law and Society Review, American Ethnologist, Urban Affairs Quarterly, and Harvard Law Review. She is President of the Law and Society Association from 1993-1995. She is currently working on a project on the meanings of law and violence in the American colonization of Hawaii in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

NORMAN R. OKIHIRO is Associate Professor of Sociology at Mount Saint Vincent University and a Research Associate of the Atlantic Institute of Criminology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada. He is currently completing research on crime in a Newfoundland outport and has received funding to examine the social adaptation of Japanese-Canadian prison camp survivors.

DAVID C. PERRIER (born in Renfrew, Ontario in 1944) was educated in his native province and studied at St. Mary’s University where he obtained a B.A. degree in Sociology and French in 1968. In 1970 he received a Masters degree in Sociology from Dalhousie University and a Ph.D. in 1976 from York University. He is currently an Associate Professor of Sociology at St. Mary’s University and teaches courses extensively in the field of Criminology. He has lectured in various training and educational programs designed for law enforcement personnel. As author and Director of the Criminology Certificate Program first introduced at St. Mary’s University in 1974, dr. Perrier has published numerous articles and reports in the area of Corrections and Law Enforcement. In 1988 he and Halifax lawyer Joel E. Pink co-edited a book entitled From Crime to Punishment. In 1977 and 1988 he served on two task forces on policing. From 1980 to 1985 he was an Auxiliary Member of the R.C.M.P. He also served as co-chairman of the Crime Prevention Committee of the Nova Scotia Police Commission between 1982 and 1987. In addition he has served various terms on the Boards of Directors of the Youth Alternative Society and Continuing Legal Education Society. Currently he is a member of the Advisory Board of the Atlantic Institute of Criminology.

ROBERT J. SMITH (born 1927) is Goldwin Smith Professor of Anthropology and Asian Studies at Cornell University, where he received his Ph.D. in 1953. He has conducted field research in Canada, Brazil and Japan and is the author of Ancestor Worship in Contemporary Japan (Stanford University Press, 1974), Kurusu: The Price of Progress in a Japanese Village, 1951-1974 (Stanford University Press, 1978), The Women of Suye Mura [with Ella Lury WiswellJ, (University of Chicago Press, 1982), Japanese Society: Tradition, Self, and the Social Order (Cambridge University Press, 1983), and The Diary of Japanese Innkeeper’s Daughter (with Kazuko Smith) (East Asia Program, Cornell University, 1984). His recent research concerns various aspects of Japanese popular religion.

FONS STRIJBOSCH holds the chair in Folk Law and Legal Pluralism in the Law Faculty of the Catholic University of Nijmegen. He is executive secretary of the Commission on Folk Law and Legal Pluralism. Since 1983 he is conducting legal anthropological research in the Moluccan community in the Netherlands. His publications on Moluccan law include: ‘The concept of pèla and its social significance in the community of Moluccans in the Netherlands’ (JLP nr 23), Informal Security among Moluccans (1988), ‘Self-redress and feud among Moluccans’ (JLP nr 32). With Keebet von Benda-Beckmann he was editor of Anthropology of Law in the Netherlands (1985).

LEA S. VANDERVELDE is Professor of Law and Faculty Scholar at the University of Iowa College of Law. Her primary research interests are the interaction of local law and culture in workplace and in neighborhood settings. In her work on zoning law, she examines the cultural contingency of decisions made by local government communities. A related article, Local Knowledge, Legal Knowledge and Zoning Law, has been published in the Iowa Law Review and was selected and reprinted as one of the best articles on the subject of land use and zoning law. She also has developed and taught a course on comparative zoning law entitled ‘A tale of three cities, New York, Vienna, and Paris’. Her other recent works include The Gendered Origins of Specific Performance Doctrine: Binding Men’s Consciences and Women’s Fidelity, published in 101 Yale L.J. 775 (1992), and The Labor Vision of the Thirteenth Amendment, published in 138 U. PA. L. REV. 437 (1989). She is currently at work on a 2 volume treatise on the current law of the employment relation in America, Employment Law, with Mark Rothstein, Charles Craver, Elaine Shoben and Elinor Schroeder, to be published by West Publishing Company in 1993, and a monograph on the impact of slavery and Abolition on master-servant law in 19th century America.


JOAN VINCENT is a graduate of the London School of Economics and Political Science (B.Sc. Econ., 1958), Chicago University (M.A. Political Science, 1964), and Columbia University (Ph.D. Anthropology, 1968). She has conducted field research in Uganda and Northern Ireland and is the author of African Elite: The Big Men of a Small Town (Columbia University Press, 1972), Teso in Transformation: The Political Economy of Peasant and Class in Eastern Africa (University of California Press, 1982) and Anthropology and Politics: Visions, Traditions and Trends (University of Arizona Press, 1990). A member of the Barnard College, Columbia University faculty in New York City, she has been a Fellow at the East African Institute of Social Research, Kampala (1966-67); a Visiting research Fellow at the Institute of Development Studies at the University of Sussex (1976, 1989-90); a Fellow at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton (1985-86) and at the National Humanities Center, North Carolina (1986-87). She has written about colonial law in Uganda and Brehon and nineteenth century law in Ireland.