Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law


NUMBER 22 / 1984






GUNTER BEST is research fellow and teaches social anthropology at the University of Münster. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Frankfurt in 1978 with a dissertation entitled “From cattle nomadism to fishing--sociocultural change among the Turkana on Lake Rudolf, NW Kenya” (in German). His fieldwork has been carried out among the Turkana and Marakwet of Kenya. His publications include Culture and Language of the Turkana, NW Kenya (1983).


GOVAERT C.J.J. VAN DEN BERGH is professor of legal history at the University of Utrecht and a member of the Editorial Advisory Board of JLP. His many publications include Staphorst en Zijn Gerichten, reviewed in this issue; “Le pluralisme juridique en droit romain” (in J. Gillissen, ed., Le Pluralisme Juridique, 1972); “On comparing early and primitive law” (in Hommage à / Hulde aan / Tribute to René Dekkers, 1982); “The concept of folk law in historical context” (forthcoming in Issues in Folk Law and Legal Pluralism, Dordrecht: Foris Publications).


PETER FITZPATRICK teaches law at the University of Kent in Canterbury and is a frequent contributor to JLP. See further, “About the contributors” in no. 20.


ANNE GRIFFITHS teaches in the Department of Scots Law of the University of Edinburgh. She received her LL.B. degree from the University of Edinburgh in 1978. She carried out the research in Botswana on which the article in this number is based from January through August of 1982 and she is currently planning a further research trip to Molepolole, Botswana.


JOHN GRIFFITHS is professor of sociology of law at the law faculty of the University of Groningen, Netherlands, and editor-in-chief of JLP. His recent publications include “The general theory of litigation—-a first step” (Zeitschrift für Rechtssoziologie 1983/2: 145); “Anthropology of law in the Netherlands in the 1970s” (NNR 1983/2: 132); and “The division of labor in social control” (forthcoming in D.Black, ed., Toward a General Theory of Social Control, New York: Academic Press).


ROBERT M. HAYDEN is Project Director at the American Bar Foundation in Chicago. He received his J.D. degree in 1978 and his Ph.D. in anthropology in 1981, both from the State University of New York at Buffalo. His dissertation, entitled “‘No one is stronger than the caste’ -- arguing cases in an Indian caste panchayat”, was based on field research carried out in India in 1979. In addition to several other articles deriving from his research in India, he was consultant and field advisor for a documentary film on differing levels of law in India, “Courts and Councils” (1981). During 1981-1983 he did research in Yugoslavia on the Courts of Associated Labor as alternative judicial institutions. His publications include “Dispute processing among a group of non-pastoral nomads: the Nandiwalla” (with K.C. Malhotra) (The Eastern Anthropologist 30: 111, 1977); “Excommunication as everyday event and ultimate sanction: the nature of suspension from an Indian caste” (Journal of Asian Studies 42: 291); “Rules, processes and interpretations”, review article on J.Comaroff and S.Roberts, Rules and Processes, and C.Geertz, Local Knowledge (American Bar Foundation Research Journal, forthcoming).


MICHAEL B. HOOKER teaches law at the University of Kent in Canterbury. He is the author of Legal Pluralism. An Introduction to Colonial and Neo-colonial Laws (1975); Adat Law in Modern Indonesia (1978); A Concise Legal History of South-east Asia (1978).


MICHAEL HUMPHREY is Tutor in the Department of Anthropology and Comparative Sociology, Macquarie University, Australia. His research has focussed on muslim communities in Pakistan (1976-77) and Sydney, Australia (1978-80, -  including a 3-month trip to Lebanon to collect comparative and historical data - and 1983-84). He received his Ph.D. from Macquarie University in 1982, with a dissertation entitled “Law and disputes: a study of Lebanese immigrant communities in Sydney”. His publications include “Religion, law and family disputes in an immigrant community’ (in G. Bottomley and M. de Lepervanche (eds.), Class, Ethnicity and Gender, 1984); a book, Disputes and Law, is presently being reviewed for publication.


JAN TEN KATE and PETER VAN KOPPEN are respectively a lawyer and a psychologist associated with the law faculty of the Erasmus University, Rotterdam, engaged in empirical research concerning judicial decision-making processes. A report of this research is forthcoming in the Law and Society Review (nr. 2, 1984): “Individual differences in judicial behavior: personal characteristics and private law decision making”.


PIET KONINGS is a research officer at the African Studies Center, Leiden. He studied philosophy, theology, social anthropology, and sociology of development at the universities of Heerlen, Tilburg and Legon-Accra, receiving his Ph.D. from the University of Tilburg in 1977 with a thesis entitled Trade Unionism and Government Development Strategy in Ghana, 1874-1976. He has carried out extensive research on labor, trade unionism and rural development in Ghana and has published several articles and reports on these subjects. He has recently completed a book, State and Rural Class Formation in Ghana, to be published shortly by Kegan Paul International, London.


ETIENNE LE ROY is Chargé de Recherche at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique in Paris. He is a member of the Editorial Advisory Board of JLP and a frequent contributor. See further, “About the contributors”, no. 21.


DANIEL LEV is professor of political science at the University of Washington, Seattle, and a member of the Editorial Advisory Board of JLP. His many writings include “The lady and the Banyan tree: civil law change in Indonesia” (American Journal of Comparative Law 14: 282, 1965) and Islamic Courts in Indonesia (1972).


JUNE STARR is professor of anthropology at the State University of New York, Stony Brook and a member of the Editorial Advisory Board of JLP. She has carried out fieldwork in Turkey. Her publications include “The impact of a legal revolution in rural Turkey” (with J. Pool) (Law and Society Review 8: 553, 1974); “Scarcity and disputing: zeroing in on compromise decisions” (with B. Yngvesson) (American Ethnologist 2: 553, 1975); Dispute and Settlement in Rural Turkey (1978); “Negotiations: a pre-law stage in rural Turkish disputes” (in P. Gulliver, ed., Cross-Examinations: Essays in Memory of Max Gluckman, 1978); “Turkish village disputing behavior” (in L. Nader and H. Todd, eds., The Disputing Process -- Law in Ten Societies, 1978)